Some aspects regarding the public pension in Romania ab 48.99 € als Taschenbuch: Forecasts of key developments aggregate of public pension. Aus dem Bereich: Bücher, English, International, Gebundene Ausgaben,
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Market Indices are a well known concept in finance and have a crucial role in professional and academic financial fields. Indexes have spread over the world developing a huge industry and hundreds of institutional investors, pension funds or investment banks use, follow and create market indexes. However, it is very difficult to find literature about indexing. This book provides a conceptual, theoretical and empirical study of market indexes: Foundations of indexing, biases regarding market indexes and strategies to avoid them, are presented as tools to be used by passive and active investors. This book also pays attention to Financial Ecology and Minimum Risk Indices as alternative approaches to traditional financial problems. The analysis should be especially useful to professionals in the Fund Industry, or anyone else who may be considering utilizing market indexes as their investment tool.
Pension law in the United States generally refers to the federal statutes and regulations governing: labor law regarding the establishment (primarily ERISA), maintenance, and termination of pension plans, tax treatment of pension plans and pension distributions, provisions of securities law relevant to pension plans, pension-related bankruptcy laws, protection against age discrimination and other requirements imposed on pensions. Pension law also incorporates judicial decisions with respect to those federal statutes and regulations.
The objective of this book is to analyse institutional investors engagement in alternative assets. An area where previous research has been scarce regarding the factors motivating investments in alternative assets. The aim is to address this gap by enhancing the understanding of asset allocation strategies in alternative assets and specifically the investment motives, decision factors, performance and various outlooks supporting their allocation. To achieve the objective, we composed a survey directed towards wealth management firms in Europe and to pension funds and insurance companies in Sweden.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! A wealth tax is generally conceived of as a levy based on the aggregate value of all household holdings actually accumulated as purchasing power stock (rather than flow), including owner-occupied housing, cash, bank deposits, money funds, and savings in insurance and pension plans, investment in real estate and unincorporated businesses, and corporate stock, financial securities, and personal trusts. One's wealth is the present value of income flow obtained in the future by him or her, identical to impose tax on both wealth and income obtained in the future. Wealth tax and income one are not different from each other regarding this principle of wealth taxation.
This study aims to analyze some aspects of Romania economy regarding pensions and the reforms. Therefore, the first reform undertaken is the price reform and the liberalization price is quasi-complete during the first transition years. The economic and at the same time historical-paradigmatic appeal carried out in this chapter shows that there are several steps that an economy having gone through the central planning experiment. Also, are analyzed the situations from plan to market transition phase, functional (rudimentary) market economy phase, mature or sophisticated market economy phase. Moreover, the book includes parametric reform of the Romanian public pension system with necessity, execution and immediate effects.
This work is presenting some forecasts of key developments aggregate of public pension system under transition of the Romanian economy from the status of "in transition" to the market economy - necessity, implementation and immediate effects. In the same time, is presenting theoretical-methodological bases of the macroeconomic forecasting model, the labour market and population - MITGEM, the impact of EU integration on macro-economic developments of the main variables influencing the profitability of pension funds , alternative forecast scenarios - as the main way of operating the MITGEM model. Also, is presenting the prospective of the main variables of pension system structure of the model scenarios within MITGEM, average pension, the average retirement pension, disability pension and survivor's pension in Romania.
From 1999 onwards the government of Hugo Chávez has initiated a significant change regarding social policy developments in Venezuela by implementing primarily universalistic, citizenship-based welfare programs and reforms. This research study explains why such a change of social policy strategy has taken place. Based on the analysis of health care, education and pension reforms, it is argued that choices of political actors in the South American petro-state were structured and constrained over time by mechanisms triggered through oil dependency. Most importantly, empirical evidence suggests that the Venezuelan power structure was altered progressively in the context of an oil-exacerbated vicious circle of radicalization, leading to social policy developments that differed significantly from welfare policy reforms and institutions implemented prior to 1999.